ANDALUSIA - ATTRACTIONS OF THE REGION

SEVILLA


About 280 km from home in Salobreña, Spanish pronunciation is Sebija - the capital and the main city of Andalusia, about 750 thousand. residents. The fourth largest city in Spain, on the Guadalquivir River, connected by navigable canals to the Atlantic Ocean. He is considered the capital of the Andalusian flamenco.

Important monuments:

✵ Alkazar - the former royal palace, which dates back to the 11th century, when the representatives of the Caliphate of Cordoba were resurrected here, built in the years 1350-69 by the Peter and the Crucifix in the mudejar style. Later kings continued to expand, adjusting their residence to their own needs. Here the decision was made to send the expedition, m. Ferdinand Magellan, here Christopher Columbus was accepted by Izabela Castil and Ferdinand Aragon after the trip to America. The building contains many halls, patios and gardens. The richness of ornaments, ceramic decorations and chambers makes the Sevillian Alcazar one of Spain's most magnificent palatial complexes.

Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary - is the largest and one of the most magnificent Gothic churches in the world. It was built in the years 1402-1506, at the site of the mosque from the years 1184-1196. The minaret, Giralda, 97 m high was incorporated into the church block, complementing the bell tower. Inside the chapels are the Capilla Mayor and Capilla Real, the choir and the tomb of Christopher Columbus.

Seville has a Mediterranean climate with hot summers, with the influence of semi-arid climate. The average annual temperature is 18.6 ° C and is one of the highest average temperatures in Europe.

Winters are mild: in January the average maximum temperature is 15.9 ° C and the minimum is 5.2 ° C. The temperatures are hot: July is the warmest month, with an average maximum temperature of 35.3 ° C and a minimum of 19.4 ° C. Every year the temperature exceeds 40 ° C.

Precipitation ranges from 600 to 800 mm per year. The most intense rainfall is from October to April. December is the strongest month, with average rainfall of 95 mm.
The average number of days per year with a temperature above 32 ° C is 88, the average number of days with a temperature below 0 ° C is 6 days.

KORDOBA


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Cordoba or Córdoba, about 240 km from Salobreña, a town in southern Spain, on the Guadalquivir River, about 350,000 inhabitants. Capital of the province of Córdoba. An industrial, scientific and tourist center of world importance.

Important monuments:

Alkazar - a fortification complex from the reign of Umayyad. Rebuilt by Alfonso XI in the years 1327-1328, and later enriched with gardens and baths. The seat of Izabela Castile and Ferdinand Aragon and the Inquisition Court during the war with Grenada. There are beautiful gardens with ponds and fountains and Roman mosaics and sarcophagus from the 3rd century.

Mezquita - rebuilt mosque mosque, one of the most magnificent works of Islamic architecture. It occupies an area of 179 x 128 meters surrounded by a wall with tower-bell tower, a former minaret, which was modeled in Islamic countries. Built from 785 to the end of the 10th century on the foundations of the Roman temple and on the walls of the then Visigothic Basilica.

After the capture of Córdoba by Christians, in the middle of the prayer hall mosque was built in the 16th century cathedral. When Emperor Charles V arrived here in 1526, he was shocked by this sight and reportedly said, "You destroyed something that was unique and put something you can see everywhere."

The interior of the 11.5 m high, with 850 columns connected by horseshoe arches, makes the impression of a maze.

Puente Romano - 16 arch bridge over the Guadalquivir River, built in the reign of Augustus, rebuilt many times.

MALAGA

 



Malaga, about 80 km from Salobreña. Situated on the Mediterranean Sea, at the foot of the Betyckie Mountains. Capital of the province of Malaga, about 580 thousand. residents. Thanks to the mild climate of the Hoja de Málaga, orange, banana, figs, cotton, sugarcane and vines are grown.

From this region is known Malaga wine, sweet - dessert, made from dried grapes. Birthplace of Pablo Picasso and Antony Banderas.

Important monuments:

The cathedral, built between 1528 and 1783, but not completed. Enormous interior with dimensions of 117 × 72 m, height 48 m of all three aisles. The most valuable element is the stele of the choir with 42 statues of saints, the work of many artists.

Museum of Fine Arts, Piccas Museum - The house where Pablo Picasso was born is now a place of exhibitions for his greatest works.

GRENADA

 


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Granada (Granada), about 60 km from the house in Salobreña. The city of the Genil River Valley (tributary of the Guadalquivir River), in the Betyckie Mountains, about 300 thousand. residents. Capital of the province of Granada, in the region of Andalusia. One of the most important tourist destinations in Spain, famous for its beautiful location, numerous monuments and unforgettable landscapes. The special charm of Granada is that in a few hours you can ski in the Sierra Nevada and then bathe in the Mediterranean Sea on the Costa de Tropicana.

Monuments:

Alhambra fortified palace complex built in the 13th century by the Nasrides and expanded in the 14th century, a masterpiece of Spanish architecture, characterized by extraordinary richness of interior decoration, among others. arcade column galleries, stalactite vaults, walls lined with azulejos tiles and colorful stucco with ornament and wall paintings.

The most important monuments of ALHAMBRA are:

✵ Alcazaba, the castle, the oldest part of the Alhambra, stands high on a mountain oasis on the river Darro.

✵  Palaces, a palace complex consisting of several parts including Mexuar; the workplace of court and state officials Sala de Mexuar, where government and royal court meetings were held;

✵ Patio de Mexuar (former sera), beautiful courtyard with fountain;

CuartoDorado, an impressive piece of artwork by Serrano (for private audiences).
The main part of the Alhambra is the Mirtade Courtyard, which consists of the Sala de la Barca (former lounge), with a boat-shaped ceiling; Hall of Ambassadors, one of the most beautiful rooms with a dome - a masterpiece of intarsia, a pattern of decorating representative rooms.

Additional attractions of the Alhambra are:

✵ Patio of Lions, the most magnificent example of Moorish decoration, with a fountain supported on 12 lions; Mozarab Hall; Queen's Hall, with polychromatic murals on the ceiling; Hall of Two Sisters, with gypsum stalactite vault; Abencerrag Hall with a star-shaped dome.

✵ The Alhambra Palace is adjacent to the Palace of Charles V, the largest building in the Alhambra, considered one of the most beautiful Renaissance works. Built in the sixteenth century on the basis of the project of the Spanish architect Pedra Machuca, as a "sign of victory" of Christianity, financed by a specially created tax paid by the Arabs. It is a monumental building with galleries and a two-storey colonnade around the circular inner courtyard.

✵ The Alhambra Palace is adjacent to the Palace of Charles V, the largest building in the Alhambra, considered one of the most beautiful Renaissance works. Built in the sixteenth century on the basis of the project of the Spanish architect Pedra Machuca, as a "sign of victory" of Christianity, financed by a specially created tax paid by the Arabs. It is a monumental building with galleries and a two-storey colonnade around the circular inner courtyard.

The old Albacin district, with its Moorish climate, is well worth a visit.

SIERRA NEVADA


Sierra Nevada, about 80 km from Salobreña.

The ski station, located in the mountain massif Penibético, about 30 km from the city of Granada, at an altitude of 2100 m, with lifts reaching a height of 3282 m.

The ski resort is divided into 6 ski areas: Veleta, Laguna de las Yeguas, Borreguiles, Loma Dílar, Parador y Río. There are 30 lifts (2 gondolas, 15 stairs, 5 plates and 8 magic carpets - moving pavements) and 103 routes (16 green, 35 blue, 43 red, 9 black).

The ski area covers an area of 94.8 km. The capacity of the lifts is about 50 thousand. skiers for an hour. Sierra Nevada also has a snow park and an activity zone called Mirlo Blanco. The ski season lasts from December to April.

SALOBRENA


Salobreña, about 2 km from the house. A town in the province of Granada, on the Costa Tropicana, about 12,000 inhabitants.

Recommended itinerary:

THE LOMA QUARTER. One of the newer parts of old Salobreña . The hermitage of St. Sebastian, which has now disappeared was located here and the Festival of Crosses on 3rd May takes place in the square of Santa Cruz when the balconies and streets are decorated in the Andalusian tradition. From here looking East, just below the “Postigo de Poniente”, the remains of the old town walls can be seen.

THEBROCAL REGION. It was here, in the Middle Ages that the perimeter walls of Salobreña were sited. Now the only remaining part is one of its old towers “El Torreón”. It’s an exciting adventure to discover the winding roads, bends and facades of the Arrabal buildings. The area below Brocal which was built outside of the walled-in area is the street from which Calle Arrabal Villa gets its name.

THE VAULT. This passage way connected the Albaycin Region to the former Medina. Part of the old wall was used to build the Boveda. The date of construction is unknown but it was probably built circa XVI C to provide a site for the Church, its atrium and square. The side gate was used as entrance into the fortified city and is the only one still standing. There were three more entry gates with portcullises which led into the city. Each was to be found in its own tower. They were the Puerta de la Villa (main gate), Postigo de Poniente and Postigo del Mar.

THE ALBAICIN REGION AND VIEW POINT. This was the fortified region which formed the nucleus of settlement. It was first district to be built upon and occupied by the settlers of Salobreña. At a height of 98 metres, the Vantage Point in the middle of the Albaycin affords a good view over the sugar cane plantations, the village of La Caleta, the beach and the district of La Guardia, the cliffs and the Chaparral mountains. Next to the vantage point was the Christian cemetery from 1789 until 1898 when the present cemetery located just outside Salobreña was inaugurated.

THE CHURCH OF THE ROSARY. The parish church, named after the patron saint of Salobreña, the Virgin of the Rosary, was built on the site of the Muslim mosque. It is in the Mudejar Style (16th C.). The interior owes its refurbishment and restoration largely to work completed during the 17th/18th C. The original ceiling was wooden and was destroyed in the fire of 1821. The head piece of the main altar gives access to the tower and sacristy chapel. The raised choir stalls are supported by a simple framework of wooden columns. Adorning the side door are ornate tile inlays and the slender tower above is decorated with castellations in typical Mudejar style. One of the outstanding sculptures is 16th C and is of the Virgin of the Rosary. The church square itself was used as a Christian cemetery until 1789. Visiting Hours. During Church services. By Appointment (Local Guide Available) Groups only. Info Tel. 958. 610314

THE ARAB CASTLE. The existence of a fortification in Salobreña has been know since the 10 C. The present castle is the result of combined Moslem and Christian architecture. The interior area comprises of the former Nasrid fortified palace which constituted the citadel. An outer area was created for the purposes of military defence and was extended at the end of XV C. The pleasant castle gardens are in bloom throughout the year and from the battlements we can take in well below : the urban districts and fertile plains of Salobreña, the stunning coastline, mountains and the many subtropical orchards. These towers and battlements together with its unique history and geographical location make it one of the countries most visited landmarks. And as night falls floodlighting turns the castle into one of Spain’s most outstanding memorable monuments . Visiting Hours: Winter (10.00-13.00 / 16.00-19.00) Summer (10.00-14.00 / 18.00-21.000

MIRADOR DEL POSTIGO (View Point). A tower and secondary gate were sited next to this vantage point in the medieval wall. Today it is an observation point affording panoramic views of the hillsides, northern Salobreña and Pottery path. The highest peak “Guindalera” is 1072 metres high.

FLORAL PROMENADE. The first known settlement in Salobreña is dated at around 2500 BC and was found on this side of the hill. You can find “The Lourdes Virgin” inside a cave. The promenade itself enjoys a beautiful position surrounded by gardens with diverse species of shrubs, flowers and palms. From here you can enjoy the mountain ranges, the valley and the lush Salobreña plains with their unique sugar plantations and sub-tropical orchards.

THE ROCK. This forms part of the Salobreña beach promenade although previously it was a separate island of the Salambin peninsula. Somewhere between the 2nd C and 1 st C B.C. it was a sanctuary during the Punic wars. Figurines, money and other archeological remains have been found there together with fish salting trays left by the Punic soldiers and gipsies. Today, it is a prominent landmark which affords the visitor beautiful panoramic views of the expansive coastline.

THE FOUNTAIN QUARTER. A network of pedestrian alleys, flower laden patios and white houses are hidden in this quarter which stretches from below Juan 23rd street to the Mediterraneo Avenue. The narrowest street in Salobreña can also be found here.

MUSEUM “VILLA DE SALOBREÑA”. The local museum provides us with a fascinating insight into Salobreña’s 6000 years of history. Fragments from numerous archaeological excavations give the visitors an insight into the township’s history from its Neolithic origins right through to the demise of the Ancient World. Salobreña’s valley was formed from the eroded earth of the Sierra Nevada mountains. The town itself began to develop in the Middle Ages. Neolithic tools, pots and money from the Punic era, documents and models from the Arab epoch can also be found in this museum. There is also a permanent photographic exhibition of Salobreña in the XX century. Finally you can visit the 16th century prison where you will find an exhibition of the former military defences and a cartographic display. Visiting Hours: Winter (10.00-13.00 / 16.00-19.00) Summer (10.00-14.00 / 18.00-21.00) Info. Tel. 958.612 733

CULTURAL CENTRE. Is the Municipal Office for Culture and sporting activities including Festive occasions and events. Frequent art displays can also be viewed here. This centre is also the venue to register for advertised courses. Opening Hours: Mon.-Fri.: Winter 10.00-13.00 / 16.00-19.00 Summer 08.00-14.00 Info. Tel. 958.610.630

FOUNTAIN PARK. This encompasses a large garden area with plants, flowers and a pond. It is home to many different species of bird, ducks, peacocks and doves. There is also a multi-activity play area. By the bar terrace there is a stage area where you can enjoy the organized concerts and cultural activities which are held throughout the Summer months.

GAMBULLÓN PARK AND VIEWPOINT. By the Gorge, the New Gambullon Park and Viewpoint, is a new pedestrian itinerary linking the Floral Promenade with the lower part of the rural fertile plain, a natural scenary with both history and beautiful scenery.

SUGAR CANE FACTORY (La Caleta). The Azucarera del Guadalfeo or Nuestra Señora del Rosario sugar cane refinery was built around 1860-1861. It was one of the more than a dozen sugarcane refineries scattered through the region, when this crop covered the fertile plains of the Granada coastline. It had to be closed due to the reduction in sugar cane cultivation. The last crop of sugar cane was in 2005. Today this facility has been officially catalogued as Andalusian Heritage Property, due to its historical value, but cannot be still visited.

RED HOUSE AND MARTÍN RECUERDA FOUNDATION. This house, composed of dwelling and gardens, was built at the beginning of the 20th century (1905) as home of the San Francisco old sugar cane factory’s owners. The principal façade is centred by a polygonal shaped tower topped with a spire and beneath spreads a wide terraced garden. Nowadays this house belongs to the Salobreña Town Hall. It houses an online Training Centre, the Community Centre for Social Services and the José Martín Recuerda Foundation, offering an exhibition of the works of this distinguished Spanish author who lived in Salobreña. Concerts are held in the gardens. Timetable: 9.00-13.00 hours. Monday to Friday. Tel. 607 327 448

WELCOME !

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